Roissy Charles de Gaulle airport: terminal 4 approaching
The Roissy Charles de Gaulle airport was inaugurated in 1974. Strongly inspired by the architecture of the 1970s, this Paris-Ile-de-Oise airport, 23 km north of Paris, serves 300 destinations around the world. Airlines companies. It is the second European airport and the tenth in the world (69.5 million passages in 2017). It is also ranked ninth in the world in freight treatment. Since its opening, the airport has been endowed with 3 terminals which have a specific reception according to the destinations. Terminal 1 welcomes European and international companies. Terminal 2, built in 1982, is the largest of the three and is mainly occupied by Air France, while Terminal 3, which opened in 1991, is designed to accommodate charter or low-cost airlines. cost to destinations in the Schengen area.
"With this terminal, ADP will have a new Orly," said Augustin de Romanet, CEO of ADP.
Why a fourth terminal at Roissy?
In anticipation of the increase in traffic at Charles de Gaulle airport, the ADP group is launching the project to build Terminal 4. Parisian air traffic is expected to increase by 2 to 3% per year in the next 20 years according to estimates. Terminal 4 will be able to accommodate 40 million passengers in the long term. To prevent congestion and saturation of the airport, a large project has been initiated. Currently, in phase of technical finalization, work will begin in 2021. The opening of the terminal will be partially in several stages from 2028 for a full inauguration in 2037.
What projects planned for Terminal 4?
Considered a "pharaonic" project, the construction of Terminal 4 plans to be on an area of 167 hectares for a total budget of between 7 and 9 billion euros. Its implantation is planned between the tracks and the terminal 2 on the place of the old terminal 3 which will be demolished. Parking lots and other buildings will also be destroyed to make way for the new terminal. Less scattered than its predecessors, this terminal should be integrated and access to the tracks will be centralized within a single building.
Line 17 of the Paris metro will be extended to arrive directly on the T4 and thus allow a more fluid access to the airport from Paris.
This new terminal is dedicated to welcoming the Air France fleet.
Road and railroad constructions are planned within this project in order to make passenger access and movement more fluid. Also, buildings, parking lots and parking areas will see the light of day as well as a multimodal travel platform that will link the airport to the end of line 17 in particular.
Regarding the landscaping, it is planned to make a large space for vegetation and natural light to offer better conditions of reception of users and better working conditions to the employees of the airport.
Indoor and outdoor green spaces invite biodiversity in the project and will be conducive to a moment of relaxation in a relaxing environment for passengers and employees. This revegetation of Terminal 4 will stand out from other airports.
What will change for the current airport?
Currently, Charles de Gaulle airport suffers from a bad connection with Paris. Indeed, there is no direct link as exists for all other international airports in the world. The construction project of Terminal 4 involves the construction of a rail link "CDG express" which promises a time of transport reduced to 20 minutes from Paris Gare de l'Est. A scheduled train every 15 minutes will also avoid waiting too long between two shuttles. The extension of line 17 of the Paris metro will also bring the capital closer and the announcement of the project of Terminal 4 has accelerated the work of extension of this line.
The project also aims to confirm ADP's place in the leading pack of the world's major airports. By anticipating an increase in airport use in the coming years, this project will considerably reduce waiting times, streamline passenger traffic and facilitate links between the various platforms. Similarly, by offering hyper-connected amenities users will be able to enjoy all the benefits of a high-tech terminal.
Polemics among local residents and airlines
A project of this magnitude is causing controversy among residents and airlines alike.
Indeed, the air pollution with the fear of an increase of noise or atmospheric pollution worries the inhabitants close to the airport area. With the creation of the new terminal, 500 more aircraft movements are planned daily.
In this context, elected officials are mobilizing and asking ADP for guarantees and what are the preventive and corrective measures to mitigate the inconvenience of nuisance to come if any? However, the creation of a new terminal will bring new life to a region seriously affected by unemployment. Thus, the economic spin-offs with the creation of 50,000 jobs make it possible to welcome this project more serenely.
On the side of the airlines the discontent is also present. According to them, the operational performance would be degraded and aircraft taxiing time would increase by 34 seconds, which would result in a cost of 60 million euros (Air France estimate). Moreover, this would call into question all the collaborative efforts of recent years. ADP is also criticized for favoring businesses at the expense of the primary function of the airport, namely the reception of passengers and the handling of freight. The group rejects this condemnation by noting that the planned shopping area is the same as it is today.
The project to create Roissy Charles de Gaulle Airport Terminal 4 includes a broad consultation phase with users, local residents and local politicians. This phase is coming to an end and the start of the work should start well in 2021.